Aquaculture CRSP 21st Annual Technical Report
Aquaculture Training for Kenyan Fisheries Officers and University Students
Tenth Work Plan, Adoption/Diffusion Research 1 (10PDR3)
Charles C. Ngugi
Department of Fisheries
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon, USA
Sagana Fish Farm
Food security is an issue for many developing countries, and maintaining an adequate and sustainable supply of fish and other aquatic products is an important part of this issue. There is no doubt that in Kenya fish can contribute to food security directly by making high quality food available to communities and indirectly by providing incomes and livelihoods to the producers and fish farmers. Over the next 25 years, one of the challenges in fisheries management will be to increase aquaculture production sustainably to meet the countryÕs demand for fish and other aquatic products.
Increasing aquaculture production in a sustainable way requires trained manpower. Officers serving in the Kenya Fisheries Department (FD) need to be equipped with an understanding of pond dynamics and modern technologies for small-scale commercial aquaculture in order to cope with the emerging challenges in aquaculture development. Initial plans to provide training of this type were made at a 1997 CRSP-sponsored workshop at Sagana Fish Farm and later incorporated into the CRSPÕs Ninth Work Plan. Because of very positive feedback received from the training offered under that Work Plan, the FD requested that this type of training be continued into the subsequent phase of CRSP work, the Tenth Work Plan.
In this activity three three-week short courses in fish pond construction and management were conducted for Fisheries Officers of the FD. Emphasis was placed on the practical skills needed for pond management, and on viewing fish ponds and fish farms as commercial enterprises rather than as subsistence activities. Participants were assigned written projects in which they had to describe the planning and development of an aquaculture enterprise, including establishing the existence of a market for a product, specifying the site where the farm would be located and the species and size of fish to be produced. Plans included the number and sizes of ponds or other culture units to be constructed, their use and purpose, and stocking, feeding, harvesting, and draining schedules. Enterprise and cash flow budgets were developed by each participant for their chosen aquaculture enterprise. At the end of the course each participant gave a 10- to 15-minute presentation on his or her enterprise. Each course included twenty participants, for a total of sixty trainees.
Scholarship support was also provided for students in the Moi University Department of Fisheries. Support for five undergraduates was provided in the form of stipends to support "attachments" at Moi University's Chepkoilel Fish Farm to conduct senior research projects. Full scholarship support, including tuition and stipends, was provided for four FD Fisheries Officers to undertake master's-level graduate work at Moi University. As a result of this support, five undergraduates will have completed their