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Twentieth Annual Administrative Report

PD/A CRSP Twentieth Annual Administrative Report

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Introduction

The Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program (PD/A CRSP) conducts research that contributes significantly to the removal of major constraints to aquacultural development, thereby promoting economic growth and enhancing food security. This report describes the activities and accomplishments of the PD/A CRSP from 1 August 2001 to 31 July 2002.

The PD/A CRSP is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), under authority of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (PL 87-195) as amended, and by the universities and institutions that participate in the CRSP. This cohesive program of research is carried out in selected developing countries and the United States by teams of US and host country scientists. Now operating under its fourth USAID grant since 1982, the CRSP is guided by the concepts and direction set down in the Continuation Plan 1996, which was awarded funding under USAID Grant No. LAG-G-00-96-90015-00. This grant authorizes program activities from 1 August 1996 to 31 July 2003. An overview of CRSP history and how the program has evolved since its inception is provided in Appendix 1.

The activities of this multinational, multi-institutional, and multidisciplinary program are administered by Oregon State University (OSU), which functions as Management Entity (ME) and has technical, programmatic, and fiscal responsibility for the performance of grant provisions. ME activities at OSU are carried out through a Program Management Office (PMO), which is supported in the task of program administration by three advisory bodies: the Board of Directors (BOD), the Technical Committee (TC), and the External Evaluation Panel (EEP). PMO staff as well as advisory group membership during the reporting period appears in Appendix 2.

Administrative Highlights

Program Impacts 2001–2002

Research Agenda

In developing the Continuation Plan 1996, the CRSP undertook an in-depth constraints analysis. That analysis led to the identification of a number of major constraints that limit the development of extensive to semi-intensive sustainable aquaculture systems. Chief among these were:

The PD/A CRSPs multidisciplinary team of researchers and advisors represents a wide range of US and international aquacultural experience. During the reporting period, participating US institutions included:

Work under the Tenth Work Plan is being conducted at sites in Mexico, Honduras, Peru, Kenya, the Philippines, and Thailand, with regional outreach and extension activities taking place in El Salvador, Nicaragua, Brazil, South Africa, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal, and Vietnam. Memoranda of understanding, representing formal ties between US and host country institutions, that were in place during the reporting period include those between:

In addition, the following international institutions are involved in regional CRSP activities under the Tenth Work Plan:

Research Program Framework

The Continuation Plan 1996 program framework, and the foundation for the current portfolio of PD/A CRSP research projects, consists of two building blocks: research in sustainable production systems and research support activities.

The sustainable production systems research framework is organized into the areas of production optimization, environmental effects, and social and economic aspects. Each area is further subdivided into specific research themes, which are the thematic areas of research needed to remove constraints to the development of more sustainable aquaculture. The results framework for research areas as presented in the Continuation Plan 1996 is summarized in Table 1, and the results framework for research themes is provided in Tables 2 through 4.

Research areas and their respective themes are listed here:

Research Area: Production Optimization
Research Themes: Pond Dynamics
Feeds and Fertilizers
Reproduction Control
Aquaculture Systems Modeling
New Aquaculture Systems/New Species

Research Area: Environmental Effects
Research Themes: Effluents and Pollution
Appropriate Technology
Responsible Science Policy
Geographic Information Systems: Planning, Policy, and Global Data Analysis

Research Area: Social and Economic Aspects
Research Themes: Marketing and Economic Analysis
Adoption/Diffusion
Food Security
Regional Analysis: Human-Environment Interactions
Decision Support Systems
Product Diversification

Research Work Plans

Earlier PD/A CRSP work plans—the first through the third—specified identical experiments (called Global Experiments) at all CRSP sites to provide a baseline for comparisons among sites. This approach was changed starting with the Fourth Work Plan when different but related experiments were also conducted at the various sites. The particular topics studied at each site were based on the research and information needs in each country, as identified by the Technical Committee.

The body of investigations funded under the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Work Plans reflects a broadening of research, as was proposed in the Continuation Plan 1996, as well as increased integration among sites and responsiveness to input from organizations and experts outside the CRSP. In addition to site activities, CRSP research now underway includes a cross-cutting, thematic approach for investigations that may be conducted at one or more PD/A CRSP sites and whose results may have wider application than results from prime and companion site investigations.

The portfolio of research reported upon in the current period is summarized in Appendix 4. With a few exceptions, Tenth Work Plan research was conducted in the reporting period and is described in this report. The Tenth Work Plan describes activities to be conducted by the CRSP from 1 July 2001 through 30 April 2003.

Development of the Tenth Work Plan

In developing the Tenth Work Plan, the ME issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) in February 2001 with an April deadline for proposal submission. The RFP solicited proposals from 17 US institutions for regional and cross-cutting research and in research areas that were underrepresented in the Eighth and Ninth Work Plans, with the intent to fill gaps in the body of research carried out under the current grant.

The proposals submitted in response to the RFP were peer reviewed by external experts and internally by CRSP researchers. The Technical Committee then evaluated the reviews and made recommendations to the ME. The Board of Directors and External Evaluation Panel also made recommendations to the ME. Proposals were selected for funding based on technical merit and programatic relevance. Tenth Work Plan funding decisions were announced in July 2001.

Work Plan Reporting

Projects’ adherence to work plan schedules and methods and fulfillment of work plan objectives is tracked to assure continuing accountability for program awards. These types of changes are collected and published in work plan addenda as needed.

The CRSPs Information Management and Networking Component (IMNC) solicits research progress reports on a quarterly basis. To reflect methods and schedule changes to the funded research under the Eighth Work Plan, work plan addenda were printed in Spring 1998, Spring 1999, and Fall 2000. Changes to Ninth Work Plan research are documented in a Fall 2000 addendum and a Summer 2002 second addendum. Changes to Tenth Work Plan research will be documented in a forthcoming addendum.


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The Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture CRSP is funded under USAID Grant No. LAG-G-00-96-90015-00 and by the participating US and Host Country institutions. Questions for or about the PD/A CRSP? Comments about this site? Email ACRSP@oregonstate.edu.

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