|PD/A CRSP Twentieth Annual Administrative Report
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The PD/A CRSP was initiated formally on 1 September 1982 as a Title XII program under the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975. The Consortium for International Fisheries and Aquaculture Development (CIFAD), Auburn University (AU), and the University of California, Davis (UCD) were chosen to participate in a tripartite management of the PD/A CRSP, and CIFAD was designated as the lead group in the management of the program, with Oregon State University (OSU) serving as lead institution. CIFAD, no longer a functional entity, consisted of the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB), the University of Hawaii (UH), the University of Michigan (UM), Michigan State University (MSU), and OSU. All of the CIFAD institutions are current participants. The current advisory structure allows greater equity among participating institutions and provides an effective mechanism for new institutions to be represented on the Board of Directors. Oregon State University is the Management Entity for the PD/A CRSP. Under the CRSPs current grant, the program is authorized through 31 July 2003.
Following passage of Title XII legislation, USAID began to organize efforts for fisheries and aquaculture activities. In 1977 a research planning workshop was held (under an award to Resources Development Associates) and, because of the size of the sector, it was decided to go forward with separate CRSPs in fisheries and aquaculture. In 1980 the first grant to OSU for an aquaculture CRSP (Specific Support Grant to OSU as Management Entity for an Aquaculture CRSP) was approved by the Joint Committee on Agricultural Research and Development (JCARD). The approach for designing the PD/A CRSP included a review and synthesis of the state-of-the-art of pond aquaculture, overseas site visits to determine research needs in host countries, and negotiation of provisional administrative agreements with collaborating institutions. Findings from the literature and field surveys were translated into planning guidelines. The most important needs identified for improving the efficiency of pond culture systems were 1) the need for technological advances to improve the reliability of pond production and 2) the need for economic optimization based on local conditions. The common link was to improve the understanding of pond dynamics.
The 1980 Specific Support Grant identified four systems which were considered to have the greatest potential for contributing to the supply of low-cost animal protein. These systems, listed in priority sequence according to the proportion of rural poor they would expect to serve, are:
The main research objectives for the first five years of the PD/A CRSP (19821987 PD/A CRSP Grant) were:
These objectives were modified in 1986 because of technical, geopolitical, and financial considerations. A data analysis and synthesis component was added in 1987 with the following objectives:
The 19871990 Continuation Plan addressed the most important objectives of the original plan, with the goal of synthesizing the results of the first three work plans as a staged progression into a conceptual model of pond aquaculture systems. This model was used to identify research needs, which were prioritized and translated into objectives for field research projects specific for each host country.
The programmatic and operational objectives in the 19901995 Continuation Plan were:
While many program objectives have been met over the more than two decade of PD/A CRSP research, the original program goal, that advances in pond aquaculture are based on greater understanding of pond dynamics, continues to be relevant. It serves as an effective organizing principle for new research that aims at resolving constraints faced by aquaculturists in the US and host countries.
Since the initiation of the current grant, the Continuation Plan 1996, new lead projects have been established in Mexico, Peru, Kenya, and the Philippines and institutional relationships were restructured for the Honduras Project.
In 1996 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC) was awarded funding as the lead US institution for research in Peru. By 1997, MOUs were in place between SIUC and the Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonia Peruana and the Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana, Peru.
In Kenya, CRSP research was underway in 1997, under a new MOU between OSU and the Kenya Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Wildlife and Tourism (the Department moved in 1998 to the Ministry of Natural Resources and again in 2000 to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). Under the Eighth and Ninth Work Plans, OSU was the lead US institution for the Kenya Project, sharing responsibility with AU for a joint research work plan. Moi University also now has formal Memoranda of Understanding in place with OSU and with AU.
Under previous grants, the Philippines served as a companion site to the lead Southeast Asia site at the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand; however, the Continuation Plan 1996 identified the Philippines as a potential lead site. In 1997, the Management Entity issued a restricted Request for Proposals (RFP) for lead US and host country institutions for a new Philippines Project. Upon completion of internal and external peer reviews and evaluations of proposals, UH was awarded funding to serve as lead institution of the Philippines Project. A new subcontract with UH was established in July 1998; the host country collaborating institution is Central Luzon State University (CLSU). In 2000, the US Regional Coordinator moved to Florida International University (FIU). A new subcontract with FIU was established in June 2000, and a new MOU between FIU and CLSU has also since been formalized.
In early 1999 the extant Honduras Project, led by AU, declined an award offer for Ninth Work Plan research and dissolved its MOU with the Secretaría de Agricultura y Ganadería in Honduras in April 1999. To identify new lead US and host country institutions for a new Honduras Project, the ME issued a restricted RFP. The University of Georgia (UG) was selected as the new Honduras lead US institution with Escuela Agrícola Panamericana El Zamorano as the host country institution and AU as a collaborating US institution. Under subcontracts with OSU, UG and AU commenced work on the Honduras Project in May 1999. A new MOU with South Africa was also put in place during the Tenth Work Plan.
At the close of the present reporting period, Memoranda of understanding are in place among the following CRSP partner institutions:
The PD/A CRSP also has formal agreements with the following organizations:
Many other informal agreements exist with nongovernmental organizations, private voluntary organizations, private industry, government agencies, universities, and other groups and organizations. A small sample of these linkages appears in Appendix 5.
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